Title of the article:



Marina V. Terskikh, Olga A. Zaytseva

Information about the author/authors

Marina V. Terskikh — PhD in Philology, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Mira Ave. 55a, 644077 Omsk, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-0127-6917

E-mail: terskihm@mail.ru

Olga A. Zaytseva — PhD in Philology, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Mira Ave. 55a, 644077 Omsk, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-2704-2158

E-mail: o.a.plotnikova@rambler.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 71


pp. 208–224


March 12, 2023

Approved after reviewing

July 23, 2023

Date of publication

March 25, 2024



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper deals with the issue of representing the Russian mentality in the texts of Russian as a foreign language`s textbooks. When teaching Russian, through the language foreigners learn about the historically determined cultural codes of the people, the peculiarities of the national character and speech behaviour of Russian people. As a result of the study, the authors summarized the main features of the Russian mentality presented in 25 scientific works, analyzed the texts of 50 manuals on Russian as a foreign language, determined the means of reflecting the Russian mentality, and indicated the national features broadcast in educational texts. As the analysis showed, the texts of the Russian as a foreign language present the following features of the Russian mentality: hard work, laziness / passivity, caution in conducting business, ability to contemplate, love of freedom and fatalism, maximalism in expressing feelings and emotions, sociability, approval of cognitive activity, value of relationships. These qualities are translated through stable expressions of a metaphorical nature, stable expressions with nationally significant lexemes: longing, fate, soul, will; lexical and grammatical techniques (antithesis, anaphora, deixis, predicates, nominatives). As a basic method, a method of complex linguistic description was used, including methods of generalization, interpretation and classification of language facts. The results obtained during the analysis may be used in the development of new textbooks on Russian as a foreign language, more specifically aimed at developing the socio-cultural competence of students.


Russian as a Foreign Language, Mentality, Mentality, Russian Mentality, Linguo-culturology, Lexical Means, Phraseology, Nationally Significant Concepts.


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