Title of the article:



Mikhail S. Yastrebov-Pestritskiy

Dmitry M. Bystrov

Information about the author/authors

Mikhail S. Yastrebov-Pestritsky — PhD in Philology, Leading Specialist, Scientific Library of the State Archive
of the Russian Federation, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 17, 119435 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6455-9546. E-mail: myp-63@mail.ru

Dmitry M. Bystrov — Founder of the information site “Orthowiki” (http://орфография.org/) and the Planned
Russian language project, Vysokovoltnaya St., 37, bild. 1, apart. 12, 390026 Ryazan, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9678-5804. E-mail: dmitry.alonecoder@gmail.com


Philological sciences




Vol. 57


pp. 183-200


March 31, 2020

Date of publication

September 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



The existing reconstruction of PIE does not distinguish nuclear and peripheral languages and vocabulary. However,
there are signs that a number of branches are peripheral, in particular, the well-studied Germanic branch. The paper
makes an attempt to find the lexical core of PIE, basing on structurally similar languages: Balto-Slavic (the authors
are also developing a reconstruction of its vocabulary — in particular, the Swadesh list), Greek, Italo-Celtic and
Indo-Iranian. The technique of searching for roots common in all four branches is described. The study has identified,
for instance, such roots with *g, *g’, *gh, *g’h, *gw (42 examples for the latter), as well as *(s)gh- (22 examples)
and *sk’- (10 examples) — sources of the initial *x- in Slavic. Several hundred of such 4-way matching roots are
already found, more than 1000 are expected. The authors also reveal lexicographic and organizational problems
encountered in the course of reconstruction.


etymology, proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, proto-Balto-Slavic, reconstruction, method,
*gw, *sgh, *sk’.


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