Title of the article:



Yuri V. Seleznev

Information about the author/authors

Yuri V. Seleznev — DSc in History, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Russian History, Faculty of History, Voronezh State University, Universitetskaya Sq. 1, 394018 Voronezh, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8224-445X

E-mail: orda1359@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 71


pp. 34–42


April 11, 2023

Approved after reviewing

September 25, 2023

Date of publication

March 25, 2024



Index UDK


Index BBK



The focus of the work are conflicting reports of Russian Chronicles about the death of the Novgorod mayor Ostromir. The latter went down in history as a customer of one of the oldest Russian manuscripts, the so-called Ostromir Gospels. It was the PostScript to this greatest monument of Russian literature that cast doubt on other dates of the campaign of Novgorod troops on Chud` and death of the mayor informed 1057. However, the datings described in the sources of the events of the second half of the 1050-ies in Vladimir chronicler somewhat differ from the chronology of other chronicles. This fact allows us to pay more attention to the evidence of the source, to consider more precisely the sequence of events and identify additional arguments in favor of a particular date. Since the Chronicler of Vladimir — the chronicle of the 15 c., preserved in two lists of the 16 c. (state historical Museum, Synod. Coll., No. 793 and SWAT. Chertkov, No. 362) — brought us a unique testimony, the source of which was obviously the Novgorod 4 Chronicle and the Moscow Chronicles of the 15 c., based on one of the Moscow Grand-Ducal annalistic arches, it makes it quite reliable. Despite the fact that he was known to historians of the 18 – early 19 c., as “the Chronicler Krivoborsky” (named after the owner of Chertkov manuscripts of the 17 century), in later years he was forgotten. In 30-ies of the 20 century it was re-discovered by M.N. Tikhomirov who noted its similarity with the Chronicle of Simeon and available fragments of the annals of Trinity. These features of the Vladimir Chronicler make it a very important source including the early history of Russia. Thus, the analysis of the Dating of the Vladimir Chronicler and consideration of evidence of other Chronicles in combination with the information of the assignment to the “Evangelio” help to narrow the chronological framework of events of the mid-11 century and to ascertain the date of death of a Novgorod political figure, Governor and mayor Ostromir.


Ostromir, the Posadnik, Governor, Novgorod, Chud, Prince, Izyaslav.


1 Berezhkov, N.G. Khronologiia russkogo letopisaniia [ Chronology of the Russian Chronicles]. Moscow, Akademiia nauk SSSR Publ., 1963. 376 p. (In Russ.)

2 Grigorovich, I.I. Istoricheskii i khronologicheskii opyt o posadnikakh novgorodskikh: iz drevnikh russkikh letopisei [Historical and Chronological Experience about Novgorod Posadniks: From Old Russian Chronicles]. Moscow, V tipografii S. Selivanovskago, 1821. 321 p. (In Russ.)

3 Dubrovin, G.E. “Pertriatin dvor i problema rannego posadnichestva v Novgorode” [“Pertryatin Сourt and the Issue of Early Posadnichestvo in Novgorod”]. Drevniaia Rus'. Voprosy medievistiki, no. 1 (27), 2007, pp. 45–59. (In Russ.)

4 Karamzin, N.M. Istoriia gosudarstva Rossiiskogo: v 3 kn. [ History of the Russian State], book 1 (vol. 1–4). St. Petersburg, Izdanie I. Einerlinga, 1842. 1330 stb. (In Russ.)

5 Kuza, A.V. “Kto byl naslednikom Ostromira v Novgorode?” [“Who was the Heir to Ostromir in Novgorod?”]. Slaviane i Rus' [Slavs and Rus`]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1968, pp. 298–304. (In Russ.)

6 Molchanov, A.A. “Novgorodskie sobytiia 1054–1064 gg. i vozniknovenie posadnichestva novogo tipa” [“Novgorod Events 1054–1064 and the Emergence of New Type of Posadnichestvo”]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Series IX: “Istoriia” [History], no. 6, 1974, pp. 81–87. (In Russ.)

7 Murav'eva, L.L. “Novgorodskie izvestiia Vladimirskogo letopistsa” [“Novgorod News of the Vladimir Chronicler”]. Arkheologicheskii ezhegodnik za 1966 g. [Archaeological Annual for 1966]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1968, pp. 37–40. (In Russ.)

8 Murav'eva, L.L. “O Povesti vremennykh let Vladimirskogo letopistsa” [“On the Tale of Bygone Years of the Vladimir Chronicler”]. Slaviane i Rus' [Slavs and Rus`]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1968, pp. 334–339. (In Russ.)

9 Murav'eva, L.L. “Ob obshcherusskom istochnike Vladimirskogo letopistsa” [About the All-Russian Source of the Vladimir Chronicler]. Letopisi i khroniki: sbornik statei 1973 g. [Annals and Chronicles: Collection of Papers of 1973]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, pp. 143–149.

10 Pogodin, M.P. Drevniaia russkaia istoriia do mongol'skogo iga [Old Russian History before the Mongol Yoke], vol. I. Moscow, Sinodal'naia tipografiia Publ., 1871. 401 p.(In Russ.)

11 Poppe, A. “Feofana Novgorodskaia [“Feofana of Novgorod”]. Novgorodskii istoricheskii sbornik [ Novgorod Historical Digest], issue 6 (16). St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 1997, pp. 102–120. (In Russ.)

12 Priselkov, M.D. Troitskaia letopis'. Rekonstruktsiia teksta [ Trinity Chronicle. Reconstruction of the Text]. Moscow, Leningrad, Akademiia nauk SSSR Publ., 1950. 514 p. (In Russ.)

13 Rybakov, B.A. “‘Ostromirova letopis'’” [“‘Ostromirov's Chronicle’”]. Voprosy istorii, стория культуры no. 10 (October), 1956, pp. 46–59. (In Russ.)

14 Seleznev, Iu.V. Kniazheskie usobitsy v Drevnei Rusi 977–1132 gg. [Princely Feuds in Ancient Russia 977–1132]. Moscow, Runivers Publ., 2017. 232 p. (In Russ.)

15 Seleznev, Iu.V., Kurbatov, O.A. Voennye konflikty, kampanii i boevye deistviia russkikh voisk: v 2 t. [ Military Conflicts, Campaigns and Fighting of Russian Troops: in 2

vols.], vol. I 860–1700 gg. Moscow, Runivers Publ., 2018. 1208 p. (In Russ.)

16 Solov'ev, S.M. “Istoriia Rossii s drevneishikh vremen” [“History of Russia Since Ancient Times”]. Sochineniia [Works], book 1, vol. 1–2. Moscow, Golos Publ., 1993. 752 p. (In Russ.)

17 Tolochko, P.P. Russkie letopisi i letopistsy X–XIII vv. [Russian Chronicles and Chroniclers of the 10–13 Centuries]. St. Petersburg, Aleteiia Publ., 2003. 296 p. (In Russ.)

18 Shakhmatov, A.A. Razyskaniia o drevneishikh russkikh letopisnykh svodakh [Search for the Oldest Russian Chronicle Vaults]. St. Petersburg, Tipografiia M.A.  Aleksandrova, 1908. 687 p. (In Russ.)

19 Ianin, V.L. Novgorodskie posadniki [The Novgorod Posadniks]. Moscow, Lomonosov Moscow State University Publ., 1962. 410 p. (In Russ.)