Title of the article:



Svetlana I. Mikhaylova

Information about the author/authors

Svetlana I. Mikhaylova — Senior Lecturer, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art), Institute of Slavic Culture, Khibinsky pr. 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: na.svet@mail.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 55


pp. 210–219


November 14, 2019

Date of publication

March 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



Works on religious themes of N. A. Koshelev, the Russian artist of the second half of the 19th century, are little known, since most of them died during the persecution of the Church. The paper focuses on two large images from the house temple at the charitable shelter founded by manufacturers-entrepreneurs Brusnitsyn brothers that are of interest among the preserved ones. Back in the 1920s, these icons were secretly taken to the Kazan Church in the remote village of Vyritsa, where they now reside. The article deals with iconographic features of one of these images — the Mother of God “Joy of all who sorrow”. Its iconography first mentioned in 1683, as the iconographer of the Armory Bezmin wrote such an icon for the members of the Royal family. By the 19th century, the image of the Mother of God “Joy of all who sorrow” became widespread and loved by the people, as these icons became famous for their miracles. The image studied did not receive a definite clear iconography: a number of versions are known, with the very image of the Mother of God varying from the regal, solemn to the simplest, “with a white headscarf on the head”. This latter one was chosen by the artist Koshelev when conceiving the image for the Brusnitsyns ' shelter. The paper compares the work of N. A. Koshelev with the first icons of this iconography — from the namesake temple on Ordynka in Moscow, from the Tikhvin chapel near the glass factory in St. Petersburg, as well as with the works of artist`s famous contemporaries — V. M. Vasnetsov and T. A. Neff. Koshelev's work fully reflected the trend of searching for new iconographic samples by Russian artists of the 19th century. As the study shows the images created by him are distinguished by an extraordinary warmth and spiritual sublimity and act as best examples of Russian religious painting of the 19th century.


N. A. Koshelev, icon of the Mother of God “Joy of all who sorrow”, iconography, composition, religious painting, image, Divine child, temple.


1 Akafist Presviatoi Bogoroditse [Akathist to The Most Holy Theotokos]. Akafistnik [Akathistus-book]. Moscow, Izdanie Sretenskogo monastyria Publ., 2002, pp. 23–31. (In Russian)

2 Antonov V. V., Kobak A. V. Sviatyni Sankt-Peterburga: Istoriko-tserkovnaia entsiklopediia: v 3 t. [Shrines of St. Petersburg: Historical and ecclesiastical encyclopedia: in 3 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'stvo Chernysheva Publ., 1996. Vol. 3. 392 p. (In Russian)

3 Bogomater' “Vsekh skorbiashchikh radost'”, pervaia polovina XVIII v., chastnoe sobranie, Germaniia [“Our lady Joy of all who sorrow”, the first half of the 18th century, private collection, Germany]. Sait “Khristianstvo v iskusstve: ikony, freski, mozaiki…” [Site “Christianity in art: icons, frescoes, mosaics...”]. Available at: https://www.icon-art.info/masterpiece.php?lng=ru&mst_id=3067 (accessed 06 January 2019). (In Russian)

4 Grabar' I. E., Uspenskii A. I. Zhivopistsy-inozemtsy v Moskve [Foreign painters in Moscow]. Istoriia russkogo iskusstva [History of Russian art]. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo I. N. Knebelia Publ., 1913, vol. 6: Zhivopis' [Painting], vol. 1: Do-Petrovskaia epokha [Pre-Peter's era], pp. 409–424. (In Russian)

5 Zverev V. V. Proizvedeniia zhivopisi Nikolaia Kosheleva v Khrame Aleksandrovskogo podvor'ia v Ierusalime. Issledovanie tekhnicheskogo sostoianiia kartin [Works of art by Nikolai Koshelev In the temple of the Alexander`s Metochion in Jerusalem. Study of the technical condition of paintings]. Istoricheskie Issledovaniia, no 2 (2015), pp. 127–169. Elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal Istoricheskogo fakul'teta MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova [Electronic scientific journal of the Historical faculty of Moscow state University]. Available at: http://www.historystudies.msu.ru/ojs2/index.php/ISIS/article/view/38/77 (accessed 25 May 2017). (In Russian)

6 Znamenie milosti Bozhiei: Chudesnyia istseleniia ikonoiu Bozhiei Materi “Vsekh skorbiashchikh Radosti” [Sign of the God`s mercy: Miraculous healing by the icon of the Mother of God “Joy of all who sorrow”]. St. Petersburg, Izdanie knigoprodavtsa T. F. Kuzina Publ., 1896. 16 p. (In Russian)

7 Kerzum A. P. Dom prizreniia v pamiat' Nikolaia i Eleny Brusnitsynykh [Charity house in memory of Nicholas and Elena Brusnitsyn]. Blagotvoritel'nost' v Sankt-Peterburge. 1703–1918. Istoricheskaia entsiklopediia [Charity in St. Petersburg. 1703–1918. Historical encyclopedia]. St. Petersburg, Liki Rossii Publ., 2016, pp. 208–209. (In Russian)

8 Komashko N. I., Solov'eva I. D. Bezmin Ivan Artemievich [Bezmin, Ivan Artemjevich]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Tserkovno-nauchnyi tsentr “Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia” Publ., 2002, vol. IV, pp. 446–447. (In Russian)

9 Komashko N. I. “Vsekh skorbiashchikh Radost'”, ikona Bozhiei Materi [“Joy of all who sorrow”, icon of the mother of God]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Tserkovno-nauchnyi tsentr “Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia” Publ., 2005, vol. IX, pp. 707–717. (In Russian)

10 Popov I. V., Pudova V. A. Sviatye liki Vyritsy [Holy faces of Vyritsa]. St. Petersburg, GP LO IPK “Vesti” Publ., 2014. 200 p. (In Russian)

11 Poselianin E. “Vsekh skorbiashchikh Radost'” [“Joy of all who sorrow”]. Bogomater'. Opisanie Ee zemnoi zhizni i chudotvornykh ikon [The mother of God. Description of Her earthly life and miracle-working icons]. Moscow, ANO Pravoslavnyi zhurnal “Otdykh khristianina” Publ., 2002, vol. 2, pp. 498–526. (In Russian)