Title of the article:



Yana S. Ivashchenko

Information about the author/authors

Yana S. Ivashchenko — DSc in Culturology, Associate Professor, Russian Christian Academy for Humanities named after Fyodor Dostoevsky, Fontanka River embankment, 15, lit. A, 191023 St. Petersburg, Russia; Novosibirsk State Technical University, Karl Marx Ave. 20, 630073 Novosibirsk, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5721-9634

E-mail: iva_ya@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 71


pp. 43–56


May 12, 2023

Approved after reviewing

November 6, 2023

Date of publication

March 25, 2024



Index UDK


Index BBK



This paper displays the results of a system-typological and structural-semiotic analysis of female pagan images in Russian feature films, shown in interrelations with religious movements and ideological trends of modern culture. The relevance of this research is determined by the need of ensuring the ideological security and sociopsychological well-being of modern society. The research was conducted on the material of mystical series, folk horror, ethnographic cinema, and historical fantasy. The study highlights static and dynamic types of female pagan images. The static type exists in two contexts: rural and urban, and the dynamic type develops in two directions: progressive and regressive. The paper detects connection of the victim's motif, which characterizes dynamic female images, with gender and postcolonial issues. Comparison of the ways of representation of female pagan images, discourses of modern paganism and ecofeminism allowed us to conclude about the mutual influence of these three discursive systems. The connection of the system of female images with the modern processes of the revival of paganism follows the pattern of isomorphism. The study shows that Russian cinema has experienced the influence of Western ecofeminism, yet the relationship of the sexes here does not have the character of an open confrontation. The author focuses in this case on the new role and gender identity of women, which is best expressed by the static heroines of mystical series and historical fantasy.


Russian Culture, Modern Paganism, Ecofeminism, Gender Identity, Feature
Films, Artistic Image.


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