Title of the article:



Natalia G. Merkulova 

Information about the author/authors

Natalia G. Merkulova — PhD in Culturology, Associate Professor, S. A. Yesenin Ryazan State University, Svobody St. 46, 390000 Ryazan, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3712-4771. E-mail: n.merkulova@rsu.edu.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 56


pp. 236–247


February 12, 2019

Date of publication

June 28, 2020



Index UDK

7.036 + 008

Index BBK

85.103(2)53 + 71.0


To date, in humanitarian studies, to understand the essence of a specific cultural system, the definition of a cultural code is increasingly applied, being interpreted as a rule of correlation of information with certain signs (symbols), allowing for understanding the transformation of values into meaning. In other words it is a certain set of basic concepts, values and norms, attitudes, necessary for reading the texts of culture. Somatic concepts "head" and “face” within the structure of the body code may be reconstructed on the example of works of fine art, reproducing visually perceived characteristics of the real world: space, color, volume, shape; demonstrating a visual representation of the socio-cultural functioning of the human body. The paintings and sculptural works of the masters of the Silver Age under review helped to identify and designate such cultural codes of public consciousness of the Russian society during watershed period as awareness of the importance and beauty of every single moment of human life; perceptions of a hero of his time as a person with intense mental work and a painful search for harmony and ideal in the surrounding reality; desire to escape from contradictory and imperfect reality in unreal chronotopes; perception of the transcendental world as the only true essence; vision of the time phase of the turn of the 20th century as a global transition, confirming renewal of the world and man by searching for new approaches, principles of art, ideals, ideas and forms of their embodiment.


cultural code, head, face, fine art, painting, sculpture, the Silver age.


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