Title of the article:



Natalia S. Zhirtueva

Information about the author/authors

Natalia S. Zhirtueva — DSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Universitetskaya St. 33, 299053 Sevastopol, Russia. E-mail: zhr_nata@bk.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 53


pp. 102–114


October 12, 2018

Date of publication

September 28, 2019

Index UDK


Index BBK



The interest of modern humanities in the mystical phenomena is non-accidental. Mysticism is at all times perceived as the innermost part of religion, the quintessence of religious experience. The research draws upon the context of comparative analysis, enabling to reveal universal and individual features of the mystical traditions of the world. The author distinguishes two main types of mysticism — immanent and transcendental-immanent, which view the essence of the Absolute reality in different ways. Each type of mysticism formed a certain image of woman and her role in mystical practice. The immanent mysticism is devoid of perceptions about the supernatural Absolute. The woman here is considered a manifestation of the material world, its quintessence, expressed in the maternal principle. Each immanent mystical tradition shapes certain attitude to the woman, depending оn how it addresses the issue of correlation of ideal and material. Monistic traditions deny the material considering it as inferior. Thence the use of material is allowed only in terms of ascetic practice. Integration traditions recognize the material as a sacred, as equivalent part of the Absolute. Holistic traditions affirm the reality of the non-dual Absolute, which unites material and ideal, male and female within a single whole. Integration and holistic traditions declare the necessity of union of matter and spirit and their participation on a practical level. Transcendental immanent mysticism claims the heterogeneity of the Absolute and the world. A woman is viewed as a person. Only the path of integration and union of the Creator and creation is possible here, resulting in gracious transformation of imperfect person in the image and likeness of the Divine absolute personality. The “deification of creation” (theosis) is accomplished through the active involvement of the material into mystical practice. Mystical love between a man and a woman makes possible for a human to restore the integrity of a person.


Absolute, comparative religious studies, male and female, transcendental immanent mysticism, immanent mysticism, Yoga, Tantrism, Buddhism, Hesychasm, Sufism.


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