Title of the article:



Alexey M. Salimov

Anton A. Salimov

Information about the author/authors

Alexey M. Salimov — DSc in Arts, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences, Professor, National Research Moscow State Construction, Yaroslavskoe High. 26, 129337 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8807-4554
E-mail: sampochta@mail.ru

Anton A. Salimov — Art Historian, LLC “Nauchno-Restavratsionnoe Ob"edinenie”, Sokolnicheskaya Sq. 4a, Fl. 3, Apart. IV, Room 34, of. 309, 107113 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: ts_dancer@mail.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 67


pp. 216–251


September 02, 2022

Approved after reviewing

September 17, 2022

Date of publication

March 29, 2023



Index UDK


Index BBK



The Research was Carried out in accordance with the Plan of Fundamental Scientific Research of the Ministry of Construction of Russia for 2022 (topic and Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU).


The main street of Tver originates in the far Middle Ages, but a relatively clear idea of this “highway” may be traced only starting from the 17th century, when the development and urban planning structure of the Russian city, in accordance with peculiar views of reality, were reflected in the works of icon painters, as well as foreign travelers. The era of Peter I strengthened the documental use when depicting the layout of a late medieval city, yet the fixation of urban planning structure was largely spared from instrumental survey, since domestic cartographers of the first quarter of the 18th century, as a rule, preferred to focus on the iconographic tradition. Residential, religious and other urban objects are represented in these materials in quite a schematic and sometimes generalized way. The situation changed by the middle of the 18th century, but this period (the second quarter — the middle of the 18th century) in the cartographic heritage of Tver still remains a blank spot. For this reason, it is currently quite difficult to outline the route of the city’s main highway in the pre-Catherine era, since in the mid-1760s the direction and configuration of the main street of Tver were changed by the initiative of Catherine II. Nevertheless, this study attempts to reconstruct the location of the pre-Catherine “highway”, as well as to present the nature of almost completely lost urban development associated with this street in the late Middle Ages and in the first half of the 18th century. 


Tver, Kremlin Development, Bolshaya St., Late Medieval and Baroque Architectural Forms.


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