Title of the article:



Zhanna V. Marfina

Oksana V. Shkuran

Information about the author/authors

Zhanna V. Marfina — PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Lugansk National Agrarian University, Gorodok LNAU, 1, 91011 Lugansk, LNR. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5838-4954. E-mail: rector@lnau.su

Oksana V. Shkuran — PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Lugansk, Oboronnaya St., 2, 91011 Lugansk, LNR. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0063-464Х. E-mail: info_lu@ltsu.org


Philological sciences




Vol. 58


pp. 151-164


September 25, 2019

Date of publication

December 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK

81.2-3 + 82.3(2)


The paper examines the Russian and Ukrainian paroemiae collected and systematized in ethnographic and lexicographic sources of different periods which include one of the main nominations of kinship “wife”. Interest in this component of paroemiae is determined by its linguocultural stereotypification: the wife is perceived, first of all, as a guardian of the hearth, the attitude to whom changed due to cultural, social, geopolitical conditions of family formation. The relevance of the research stems from the need of representing the national stereotype and identification of a new range of fixed modern cultural images of the “wife” component in the East Slavic language space. Behavioral stereotypes, mythological representations, social norms, phraseological collocations, symbols, rules of speech reproduction, folklore texts themselves accumulate in the collective memory the most important experience of an ethnic group — from a homekeeper to a modern socially active charismatic personality capable of performing complex ideological tasks. Results obtained afforded grounds for concluding that the nomination “wife” stores sacral cultural and historical information as a part of paroemiae of the Russian and Ukrainian languages, is illustrative of the national stereotype and reveals a new range of the fixed modern cultural images in the modern language space.


paroemiology, paroemiae, proverb, stereotype, “wife” component, kinship nominations, diachronic cut, linguoculturological analysis.


1 Andreev N. D. Ranneindoevropeiskii praiazyk [Early Indo-European proto-language]. In: Obshchestvennye nauki v SSSR: referativnyi zhurnal [Social Sciences in the USSR: abstract journal]. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo INION AN SSSR Publ., 1987. Vol. 6. Iazykoznanie [Linguistics]. No 5. 326 p. (In Russian)

2 Baiburin A. K. Obriadovoe pereraspredelenie doli u russkikh [Ritual redistribution of the Russian share]. In: Sud'by traditsionnoi kul'tury: Sbornik statei i materialov pamiati Larisy Ivlevoi [Destinies of traditional culture: Collection of articles and materials in memory of Larisa Ivleva]. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 1998, pp. 78–82. (In Russian)

3 Belov V. I. Lad: Ocherki o narodnoi estetike [Lad: Essays on folk aesthetics]. Moscow, Molodaia gvardiia Publ., 1982. 293 p. (In Russian)

4 Buzin V. S. Etnografiia vostochnykh slavian [Ethnography of the Eastern Slavs]. In: Studmed.ru. Available at: https://www.studmed.ru/view/buzin-vs-etnografiya-vostochnyh-slavyan_ec34ce58fdc.html (accessed 25 September 2019). (In Russian)

5 Dal' V. I. Tolkovyi slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo iazyka: reprintnoe vosproizvedenie izdaniia 1903–1090 gg. V 4 t. [Explanatory dictionary of the living Great Russian language: reprint reproduction of the 1903–1090 edition in 4 vols.], edited by Professor I. A. Boduena de Kurtene. Moscow, Ripol klassik Publ., 2006. Vol. 1: A-Z. 754 p. Vol. 2: I-O. 785 p. Vol. 3: P. 549 p. Vol. 4: R-Ia. 669 p. (In Russian)

6 Domostroi [Domostroy], translated from old Russian by V. V. Kolesov. Moscow, AST Publ., 2016. 288 p. (In Russian)

7 Ivanov V. V. Zhizn' i tvorchestvo krest'iane Khar'kovskoi gubernii. Ocherki po etnografii kraia [Life and work of the Kharkiv province`s peasants. Essays on Ethnography of the region]. Khar'kov, Khar'k. gub. stat. kom Publ., 1898. Vol. 1. 1012 p. (In Russian)

8 Kazachenko B. N. Russkoe rodstvo: proshloe i nastoiashchee [Russian kinship: past and present]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2010. 304 p. (In Russian)

9 Lomakina O. V. Paremii v tekstakh L. N. Tolstogo: lingvokul'turologicheskikh kommentarii [Paremia in the texts of L. N. Tolstoy: linguo-culturological commentary]. Vestnik OGU, 2010, no 6 (14), pp. 217–221. (In Russian)

10 Lomakina O. V. Frazeologiia v tekste: funktsionirovanie i idiostil' [Phraseology in the text: functioning and idiostyle], edited by doctor of Philology, Professor V. M. Mokienko. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo RUDN Publ., 2018. 344 p. (In Russian)

11 Mironova T. L. Russkaia dusha i nerusskaia vlast' [Russian soul and non-Russian power]. Moscow, Algoritm Publ., 2013. 448 p. (In Russian)

12 Mokienko V. M. Sovremennaia paremiologiia (lingvisticheskie aspekty) [Modern paremiology (linguistic aspects) ]. In: Mir russkogo slova [World of the Russian word]. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'skii dom “Mirs” Publ., 2010, pp. 6–21. (In Russian)

13 Mokienko V. M. Nikitina T. G. Bol'shoi slovar' russkikh poslovits [Large dictionary of Russian Proverbs]. Moscow, OLMA Media Grupp Publ., 2010. 1026 p. (In Russian)

14 Baranov D. A., Baranova O. G., Zimina T. A. i dr. Muzhiki i baby: Muzhskoe i zhenskoe v russkoi traditsionnoi kul'ture. Illiustrirovannaia entsiklopediia [Men and women: Male and female in Russian traditional culture. The illustrated encyclopedia]. St. Petersburg, Iskusstvo-SPB Publ., 2005. 688 p. (In Russian)

15 Natsional'nyi korpus russkogo iazyka [National corpus of the Russian language]. Available at: http://ruscorpora.ru/ (accessed 25 September 2019). (In Russian)

16 Nichiporchik E. V. K voprosu ob “avtorstve” paremii (gendernyi aspekt) [On the issue of the “authorship” of paremia (gender aspect) On the issue of the “authorship” of paremia (gender aspect) ]. In: Slavianskaia frazeologiia i paremiologiia v XX veke: sbornik nauchnykh statei [Slavic phraseology and paremiology in the twentieth century: collection of scientific articles], edited by E. E. Ivanova, V. M. Mokienko. Minsk, Zsitser Kolas Publ., 2010, pp. 197–202. (In Russian)

17 Permiakov G. L. O smyslovoi strukture i sootvetstvuiushchei klassifikatsii poslovichnykh izrechenii [On the semantic structure and corresponding classification of proverbial sayings]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988. 237 p. (In Russian)

18 Savenkova L. B. Russkie paremii kak funktsioniruiushchaia Sistema [Russian paroemias as a functioning system: DSc Dissertation]. Rostov na Donu, 2002. 240 p. (In Russian)

19 Sem'ia i semeinye otnosheniia. Brak i sem'ia v traditsionnom russkom obshchestve kontsa XІX – nachala XX veka [Family and family relations. Marriage and family in traditional Russian society of the late 19th – early 20th century]. In: Studopedia.su. Available at: https://studopedia.su/18_31492_semya-i-semeynie-otnosheniya.html (accessed 25 September 2019). (In Russian)

20 Slavianskie drevnosti: Etnologicheskii slovar' [Slavonic antiquities: an Ethnological dictionary], edited by N. I. Tolstoi. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia Publ., 1995. Vol. 1: A-G. 575 p. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia Publ., 1999. Vol. 2: D — Kroshki [D — Crumbs]. 697 p. (In Russian)

21 Slovar' gendernykh terminov [Dictionary of gender terms]. In: Owl.ru. Available at: http://www.owl.ru/gender/065.htm (accessed 25 September 2019). (In Russian)

22 Ukraїns'kі prislіv’ia, prikazki ta porіvniannia z lіteraturnikh pam’iatok [Ukrainian Proverbs, sayings and comparisons from literary monuments], compilation by M. M. Paziak. Kiїv, Naukova dumka Publ., 2001. 392 p. (In Ukrainian)

23 Tolstaia S. N. Kategoriia rodstva v etnolingvisticheskoi perspektive [Category of kinship in ethnolinguistic perspective]. In: Kategoriia rodstva v iazyke i kul'ture [Category of kinship in language and culture], responsible editor S. N. Tolstaia. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2009, pp. 7–23. (In Russian)

24 Fasmer M. Etimologicheskii slovar' russkogo iazyka: v 4 t. [Etymological dictionary of the Russian language: in 4 vols.]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1986. Vol. 2: E–Muzh [ ]. 672 p. (In Russian)

25 Chernykh P. Ia. Istoriko-etimologicheskii slovar' sovremennogo russkogo iazyka: v 2 t. [Russian historical and etymological dictionary: in 2 vols.]. Moscow, Russkii iazyk Publ., 1999. Vol. I. 624 p. (In Russian)