Title of the article:



Ekaterina V. Sklizkova

Information about the author/authors

Ekaterina V. Sklizkova — PhD in Culturology, Associate Professor, Institute of Slavic Culture, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technologies. Design. Art), Khibinsky pr., 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: katunyas@yandex.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 64


pp. 87–96


October 05, 2021

Approved after reviewing

December 10, 2021

Date of publication

June 28, 2022



Index UDK


Index BBK



State symbols are under the jurisdiction of heraldry and vexillology, applied historical disciplines. Being self-contained, vexillology has much in common with heraldry. Banner and coat of arms coincide in functions, being used as means of identification and manifestation of self. Flags are a very specific sign system and one of the most dynamic. They reflect changes in socio-cultural life of the nation and temporal characteristics, assist in attribution and investigation of cultural phenomena. As far as function is concerned the banner unites people according to some criterion and assimilates them into some social institution. Flags and coat of arms are inherently interconnected, though not all the banners are heraldic. Heraldic flags are divided into several types, different in form and size. Neither Russian nor European standards have strict rules of composition; both were very varied. As for Russia the flag has always been a very fluid issue. On the one hand that aspect of symbols has been disregarded and never followed a strict order, on the other, if and when banner is beheld, it becomes the object of worship and heated argument. 


banner, coat of arms, flag, gonfalon, heraldry, semiotics, sign, standard, vexillology. 


1 Arsen'ev Iu. V. Geral'dika. Lektsii, chitannye v Moskovskom arkheologicheskom institute v 1907–1908 godu [Heraldry. The lections given at Moscow Archeological Institute in 1907–1908]. Kovrov, RGGU Publ., 1997. 368 p. (In Russian)

2 Vilinbakhov G. V. Gerb i flag Rossii X–XX veka [Coat of arms and flag of Russia of X–XX c.]. Moscow, Iuridicheskaia literatura Publ., 1997. 559 p. (In Russian)

3 Foli Dzh. Entsiklopediia znakov i simvolov [Encyclopedia of signs and symbols]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 1997. 509 p. (In Russian)

4 Fraier S., Fergiuson Dzh. Geral'dika. Gerby — Simvoly — Figury [Basic Heraldry]. Moscow, AKT Publ., Astrel' Publ., 2009. 208 p. (In Russian)

5 Dictionary of Heraldry. Brockhampton Press. London, Brockhampton Press, 1997. 188 p. (In English)

6 Fox-Davis A. Ch. The Art of Heraldry. An encyclopaedia of armory. New York, London, Blom, 1968. 503 p. (In English)

7 Lorris de G., Meun de J. The Romance of the Rose. Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1995. 524 p. (In English)

8 Scott W. Ivanhoe. London, GlobalGrey, 2019. 544 p. (In English)

9 Slater S. The complete book of Heraldry. An international history of heraldry and its contemporary usage. London, Lorenz books, 2002. 264 p. (In English)

10 Troyes de C. Arthurian Romances. London, Melbourne, Guernsey Press, 1987. 560 p. (In English)

11 Woodcock Th., Robinson J. M. The Oxford Guide to Heraldry. Oxford, New York, Melbourne, Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1990. 233 p. (In English)