Title of the article:



Anna B. Permilovskaya

Information about the author/authors

Anna B. Permilovskaya — DSc in Culturology, Academician of the Academy of Architectural Heritage, Head, Chief Researcher Scientific Center of Traditional Culture & Museum Preservation N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsky pr., 20, 163020 Arkhangelsk, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3221-7197
E-mail: annaperm@fciarctic.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 66


pp. 99–119


September 16, 2021

Approved after reviewing

December 29, 2021

Date of publication

December 28, 2022



Index UDK


Index BBK

71+63.521(=411.2) +85.113(2Рос-4Арх)


The study is carried out following the state task on the scientific topic No. 122011300471-0 “Comprehensive study of folk architecture as an ethno-marker of traditional Russian culture in the process of historical development in the European North and the Arctic”.


The research presents the results of a comprehensive survey of the cultural landscape, rural historical settlements of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation — Onega Pomorye (2018–2021). Pomorye is a special region of the Russian North, which represents the Russian version of maritime culture in the Arctic. Empirical field material, archival and museum sources, monuments of wooden architecture. In the Russian North, the natural landscape determined the direction of colonization flows, the type of settlement, and the layout of settlements. For the North, the nesting is the most characteristic type of settlement, in which settlements are located not alone, but in groups, which is reflected in the creation of well-known architectural and natural ensembles. The study involved survey of the ancient historical settlements on the territory of the Onega Pomorie (Purnema, Maloshuyka, Vorzogory) with preserved cult ensembles (called “tees”). The ensemble consists of summer cold, winter warm churches, a bell tower. Art-built temples were erected by local Onega craftsmen. A significant part of the temples of Pomorye was dedicated to the patron saint of sailors: St. Nicholas, which was reflected in the local saying “from Kholmogor to Kola 33 Nikola.” The research included the first ever survey of peasant houses and of economic and industrial architecture, ensuing their schematic measurements, the identifying of new monuments of wooden architecture, offering ideas for their conservation, use, revalorization, as well as determining possible category of protection of settlements. It has been established that wooden architecture in Pomorye acts as a specific ethno-marker of the North Russian identity. The author came up with recommendations on the preservation of cultural landscapes as objects of cultural heritage for the Administration of the Arkhangelsk region and Onega region.


Cultural Heritage, Cultural Landscape, Rural Historical Settlement, Wooden Architecture, Russian North, Arctic, Onega Pomorye.


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