Title of the article:



Olga V. Shalygina

Information about the author/authors

Olga V. Shalygina — DSc in Philology, Senior Researcher, А. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5386-007X. E-mail: shalygina@imli.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 56


pp. 115–120


January 19, 2019

Date of publication

June 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper addresses the hypothesis previously expressed by the author concerning the overlapping of Hamlet's and Macbeth's codes in plays by A. P. Chekhov. This stage is characterized by examining of these codes not only from the perspective of the methodology of structuralism, but also in terms of the methodology of neo-mythological research. The main effect of the composition of Shakespeare's Macbeth was used by A. P. Chekhov for The Three sisters. R. Pease interprets it from the neo-mythological point of view regarding usurpation as a social phenomenon in the plays The Three sisters and The Cherry orchard, confronting Chekhov’s characters with the heroes of Shakespeare’s tragedies. The author suggests considering ‘prototypical situations’ rather than prototypes as the basis for artistic typification. Within the external plan of literary motivation, Chekhov uses a neo-mythological plot of exile from home and usurpation of power as in The King Lear by Shakespeare. However, the plot of ‘exile from home’ comes with a biographical context for A. P. Chekhov and serves as the basis for updating the ‘Macbeth’s code’ in his later dramas. It involves the family drama of Ivan Pavlovich Chekhov and their common ‘eternal’ friend Alexander Ignatyevich Ivanenko, whose expulsion from the house was demanded by his brother’s wife. Thus, the transformation of life collisions, understanding of prototypical (mythological) situations occurs in Chekhov`s works through creating a complex archetypal pattern of neo-mythological codes.


A. P. Chekhov, Macbeth’s code, plot of takeover, plot of the expulsion from the house, neo-mythological complex. 


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