Title of the article:



Olga A. Krasheninnikova

Information about the author/authors

Olga A. Krasheninnikova — PhD in Philology, Senior Research Fellow, А. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaia St., 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: info@imli


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 53


pp. 34–47


September 11, 2018

Date of publication

September 28, 2019

Index UDK


Index BBK



According to the author the emergence of a conservative trend in Russian public life dates back to the first quarter of the 18th century, to the era of the early Russian Enlightenment, period of Peter's reforms, as well as to the subsequent decade after his reign. However, until now the representatives of the Russian ecclesiastical opposition of the first half of the 18th century: S. Jaworski, F. Lopatinsky, M. Radyshevsky, M. Avramov — were not considered in our historical science as a integral party. The second half of the 1720s growing accusatory pathos of M. Radyshevsky, Archimandrite († 1742), the Church publicist and opposition figure, aimed not only at exposing Theophan Prokopovich, the Archbishop of Novgorod, but also to the sharp criticism of the Synod and its Church policy. A similar evolution has undergone Radyshevsky’s companion M. P. Avramov (1681–1752), a former associate of Peter I, the first Director of the St. Petersburg printing house, one of the most educated men of Peter's time. Spiritual evolution of Avramov from scientist and enlightener to a clerical conservative traditionalist was reflected in his autobiography written about 1744. In this essay tradition of the realistic rendering of historical facts and medieval tradition of the miraculous, characteristic of hagiographic literature, closely intertwined. Literary autobiography of the hero was written according to the canons of the hagiographic genre. The Autobiography of Avramov clearly displays the duality and ambiguity of man in Peter's time, when a conservative and adherent of the Orthodox piety often hided deep under the guise of enlightener and European-educated man.


M. Radyshevsky, M. Avramov, church writers and publicists of the 18th cent., the 18th cent. Russian conservatism, church opposition against the Peter’s the I reforms, autobiography, literary confession.


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