Title of the article:



Ekaterina V. Morozova

Information about the author/authors

Ekaterina V. Morozova — PhD in Art, Associate Professor, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technologies, Design, Art), Sadovnicheskaya St. 33, 117997 Moscow, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0663-0498. E-mail: morosowa8888@mail.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 56


pp. 262–273


March 22, 2019

Date of publication

June 28, 2020



Index UDK

7.01 + 745:677.02

Index BBK



Geometric ornament in its rudimentary form emerges in the Paleolithic. During the Neolithic period, it appears to us already in a fully-shaped form, in which stable ornamental motifs and constructions become visible. Representatives of highly developed agricultural cultures come to reflect nature in geometric symbols. One can select an ornament from pits-circles forming stripes, borders, rhombic mesh ornaments. The appearance of textiles is directly related to this period. In Neolithic ceramics, textiles were a technical imprint sometimes used to decorate items together with ornaments. Here you can also see the continuity of elements found in the Paleolithic (points-pits) and ornamental solutions (Seating). These ready-made ornamental solutions were further developed in Russian printing. Circle, square, rhombus, isosceles triangle — have become the most common motifs. The circle has a special place in the padding. It makes any motif enclosed in it more symmetrical, which allows you to place the elements of the ornament on the plane of the fabric evenly, i.e., to coordinate them with the lattice structure of the ornament. A square and a rhombus can fill the entire plane without gaps. Therefore, they often participate in the construction of the lattice, merging into one with it. An equilateral triangle is most often used to fill the background evenly. The phenomenon of permanence of geometric motifs in the ornament can be explained not only by deep original semantic meaning, but also by schemes of their location on the surface of objects that arose in the course of development. In addition, geometric patterns are the most convenient method to solving a technically complex problem of the evenly plane filling. Their symmetry and convenient fitting into lattice structures are especially instrumental for the consistency of certain ornamental geometric shapes. 


geometric ornament, abstraction, Neolithic ceramics, Russian heel, mathematical methods, lattice constructions, symmetry, recurrent motifs, symmetry groups.


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