Title of the article:



Svetlana K. Sevastyanova

Elena E. Khudnitskaya

Information about the author/authors

Svetlana K. Sevastyanova — DSc in Philology, Siberian Institute of Management, A branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Nizhegorodskaya St. 6, 630102 Novosibirsk, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9131-3285
E-mail: sevask@mail.ru

Elena Eduardovna Khudnitskaya — Leading Engineer, Literary Studies Sector, Institute of Philology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaeva St. 8, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1326-5502
E-mail: ekhudnitskaya@list.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 67


pp. 186–201


August 10, 2022

Approved after reviewing

October 05, 2022

Date of publication

March 29, 2023



Index UDK


Index BBK



Interest in the “women's theme” is actualized in Russian humanities at the turn of the 21st century in terms of the feminology, historical anthropology and the history of everyday life. However, the “women's theme” in the exemplary collections of copies translated into Russian in the 17th century, still attracts little attention of researchers. This paper for the first time draws attention to women's issues as one of the cross-cutting ones in the code “Great Mirror” in its first Russian translation. The image of a woman is characterized basing on the material of 163 articles. The content of the examples is correlated with the events of the historical past of Ancient Rus` and Russian everyday life of the 17th century. The collection devotes considerable attention to the “evil wives”. Examples of women's activity show its manifestation not only as a vice, but as a social service. A woman is encouraged to lead a Christian lifestyle, to be submissive and faithful to her husband. At the same time, the source praises her wisdom and intelligence and readiness for self-sacrifice for the sake of her family and husband. Still weak, yet already noticeable in the chapters of the “Great Mirror”, manifestations of a new attitude towards women that flourished in the transitional period of Russian culture and modern times — development in the assessment of a woman's personality, strengthening women's status in the family, breaking stereotypes about a woman — were introduced not only by elements of European culture that have penetrated into Russian everyday life, but also the world culture`s plots inherent to the “female theme” of the collection.


Russian Collection “Great Mirror”, “Women's Theme”, the Image of a Woman, Syncretism, “Evil Wives”, a Wise and Intelligent Wife, Social Service.


1 Anpilogova, E.S. “Russkaia zhenshchina v vospriiatii sovremennikov na rubezhe XVII–XVIII vekov” [“Russian Woman in the Perception of Contemporaries at the Turn of the XVIII Century”]. Izvestiia Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena, no. 92, 2009, pp. 45–48. (In Russ.)

2 Babichev, A.G. “Istoricheskoe stanovlenie Rossiiskogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva ob ubiistve mater'iu novorozhdennogo rebenka” [“The Historical Formation of the Russian Criminal Legislation on the Murder of a Newborn Child by a Mother”]. Vestnik Cheliabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Series 9: Pravo [Law], no. 4 (359), vol. 41, 2015, pp. 99–105. (In Russ.)

3 Belova, A.V. “Kontsept ‘zhenskaia povsednevnost'’ v kontekste istorii povsednevnosti: gendernaia chuvstvitel'nost' novoi sotsial'noi istorii” [“The Concept of ‘Women's Everyday Life’ in the Context of the History of Everyday Life: Gender Sensitivity of the New Social History”]. Gender v fokuse antropologii, etnografii sem'i i sotsial'noi istorii povsednevnosti [Gender in the Focus of Anthropology, Family Ethnography and the Social History of Everyday Life]. Moscow, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography RAS Publ., 2019, pp. 39–48. (In Russ.)

4 Beliakova, E.V., Beliakova, N.A., Emchenko, E.B. Zhenshchina v pravoslavii: tserkovnoe pravo i rossiiskaia praktika [Woman in Orthodoxy: Church Law and Russian Practice]. Moscow, Kuchkovo pole Publ., 2011. 704 p. (In Russ.)

5 Bykov, A.A., Zeile, N.I. “Blagotvoritel'nost' i gosudarstvennoe prizrenie v Rossii v ‘buntashnom’ XVII veke kak ekzistentsional'naia problema” [“Charity and State Charity in Russia in the ‘Rebellious’ XVII Century as an Existential Problem”]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofiia. Sotsiologiia. Politika [Philosophy. Sociology. Politics], no. 55, 2020, pp. 59–69. (In Russ.)

6 Kliuchevskii, V.O. Istoricheskie portrety. Deiateli istoricheskoi mysli [Historical Portraits. Figures of Historical Thought]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1990, pp. 77–94. (In Russ.)

7 Korogodina, M.V. Ispoved' v Rossii v XIV–XIX vv. Issledovanie i teksty [Confession in Russia in the XIV–XIX Centuries. Study and Texts]. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 2006. 584 p. (In Russ.)

8 Korogodina, M.V. “‘Ili muchival zhenu naprasno, a ne po zakonu?’: mir russkoi zhenshchiny v Srednie venka” [“‘Or did you Torture your Wife in Vain, not According to the Law?’: The World of a Russian Woman in the Middle Wreath”]. Chelovek, no. 6, 2003, pp. 131–140. (In Russ.)

9 Kurto, O.I. “‘V nachale slavnykh del…’. Pervoprokhodtsy gendernykh issledovanii v Rossii” [“‘At the beginning of Glorious Deeds...’. Pioneers of Gender Studies in Russia”]. Gender v fokuse antropologii, etnografii sem'i i sotsial'noi istorii povsednevnosti [Gender in the Focus of Anthropology, Family Ethnography and the Social History of Everyday Life]. Moscow, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography RAS Publ., 2019, pp. 163–169. (In Russ.)

10 Labutina, T.L. “Etnicheskie predstavleniia britantsev o zhenshchinakh dopetrovskoi i petrovskoi Rossii” [“Ethnic Ideas of the British about the Women of Pre-Petrine and Petrine Russia”]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Series 2, vol. 4, 2015, pp. 78–87. (In Russ.)

11 Pigin, A.V. “Agiograficheskie sochineniia v staroobriadcheskoi polemike kontsa XVII–XVIII v. o ‘samoubiistvennoi smerti’ (Poslanie Petra Prokop'eva Daniilu Vikulinu)” [“Hagiographic Writings in the Old Believer Controversy of the Late 17th–18th Centuries about ‘Suicidal Death’ (Message from Pyotr Prokopiev to Daniil Vikulin)”]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature]. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 2016, vol. 64, pp. 435–447. (In Russ.)

12 Pravda, V.L. “Zhenshchiny v bibleiskoi i antichnoi kul'turakh” [“Women in Biblical and Ancient Cultures”]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 324, 2009, S. 139–145. (In Russ.)

13 Pushkareva, N.L. “Gendernye issledovaniia: rozhdenie, stanovlenie, metody i perspektivy” [“Gender Studies: Birth, Formation, Methods and Perspectives”]. Voprosy istorii, no. 6, 1998, pp. 76–89. (In Russ.)

14 Pushkareva, N.L. “Ot ‘His-story’ k ‘Her-story’: rozhdenie istoricheskoi feminologii” []. Adam i Eva. Al'manakh gendernoi istorii [“From ‘His-story’ to ‘Her-story’: the birth of Historical Feminology”]. Moscow, Institute of World History RAS Publ.; St. Petersburg, Aleteiia Publ., 2003, pp. 367–388. (In Russ.)

15 Pushkareva, N.L. Russkaia zhenshchina: istoriia i sovremennost': Istoriia izucheniia “zhenskoi temy” russkoi i zarubezhnoi naukoi. 1800–2000: Materialy k bibliografii [Russian Woman: History and Modernity: History of the Study of the “Female Theme” by Russian and Foreign Science. 1800–2000: Materials for a Bibliography]. Moscow, Ladomir Publ., 2002. 526 p. (In Russ.)

16 Pushkareva, N.L. Chastnaia zhizn' russkoi zhenshchiny: nevesta, zhena, liubovnitsa (X – nachalo XIX v.) [Private Life of a Russian Woman: Bride, Wife, Mistress (10–Early 19 Century) ]. Moscow, Ladomir Publ., 1997. 381 p. (In Russ.)

17 Pushkareva, N.L., Liubichankovskii S.V. “‘Istoriia povsednevnosti’ v sovremennom istoricheskom issledovanii” [“‘History of Everyday Life’ in Modern Historical Research”]. Gender v fokuse antropologii, etnografii sem'i I sotsial'noi istorii povsednevnosti [Gender in the Focus of Anthropology, Family Ethnography and the Social History of Everyday Life]. Moscow, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography RAS Publ., 2019, pp. 239–248. (In Russ.)

18 Repina, L.P. “Gendernaia istoriia segodnia: problemy i perspektivy” [“Gender History Today: Issues and Prospects”]. Adam i Eva. Al'manakh gendernoi istorii [Adam and Eve. Gender History Almanac]. Moscow, Institute of World History RAS Publ.; St. Petersburg, Aleteiia Publ., 2003, pp. 7–17. (In Russ.)

19 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Velikoe Zertsalo” [“Great Mirror”]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox Encyclopedia], vol. 7. Moscow, TsNTs “PE” Publ., 2004, pp. 507–510. (In Russ.)

20 Romodanovskaia E.K. “Velikoe Zertsalo” [“Great Mirror”]. Slovar' knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevnei Rusi [Dictionary of Scribes and Bookishness of Ancient Russia], vol. 3 (XVII vek) [17 Century], part 1. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 1992, pp. 165–171. (In Russ.)

21 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Velikoe Zertsalo” [“Great Mirror”]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature], vol. 41. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 6–10. (In Russ.)

22 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Zapadnye sborniki i original'naia russkaia povest' (K voprosu o rusifikatsii zaimstvovannykh siuzhetov v literature XVII – nachala XVIII v.)” [“Western Collections and the Original Russian Story (on the Issue of Russification of Borrowed Plots in the Literature of the 17th – Early 18th Centuries)”]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature], vol. 33. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1979, pp. 164–174. (In Russ.)

23 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Perevodnye pamiatniki XVII veka i stanovlenie novogo tipa russkoi literatury” [“Translational Monuments of the 17th Century and the Formation of a New Type of Russian Literature”]. Vestnik istorii, literatury, iskusstva, vol. 4, 2007, pp. 62–72. (In Russ.)

24 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Perevodnye sborniki i russkaia literature” [“Translation Collections and Russian Literature”]. Literatura Urala: istoriia i sovremennost' [Literature of the Urals: history and modernity], vol. 4: Lokal'nye teksty i tipy regional'nykh narrativov [Local texts and types of regional narratives]. Ekaterinburg, Ural'skii universitet Publ., 2008, pp. 384–392. (In Russ.)

25 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Perevodnye sborniki kak kompleksy novykh siuzhetov v russkoi literature” [“Translation Collections as Complexes of New Plots in Russian Literature”]. Gumanitarnye nauki v Sibiri. Series Filologiia [Philology], no. 4, 2009, pp. 5–8. (In Russ.)

26 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Popolnenie kompleksa siuzhetov russkoi literatury za schet perevodnykh sbornikov” [“Replenishment of the Complex of Plots of Russian Literature at the Expense of Translated Collections”]. Siuzhetno-motivnye kompleksy russkoi literatury [Plot-motive Complexes of Russian Literature]. Novosibirsk, Geo Publ., 2012, pp. 9–15. (In Russ.)

27 Romodanovskaia, E.K. “Pritcha i priklad: vzaimovliianie i evoliutsiia zhanrov” [“Parable and Story: Mutual Influence and Evolution of Genres”]. Problemy literaturnykh zhanrov [Issues of Literary Genres], part. 1. Tomsk, The National Research Tomsk State University Publ., 1999, pp. 25–31. (In Russ.)

28 Romodanovskaia, E.K. Russkaia literatura na poroge novogo vremeni: Puti formirovaniia russkoi belletristiki perekhodnogo perioda [Russian Literature on the Threshold of a New Time: Ways of Formation of Russian Fiction of the Transitional Period]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1994. 232 p. (In Russ.)

29 Sulitsa, E.I. “Zhenskie personazhi drevnerusskoi slovesnosti: poeticheskaia obraznost' i printsip sinkretichnosti” [“Female Characters of Old Russian Literature: Poetic Imagery and the Principle of Syncretism”]. Vestnik Riazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. S.A. Esenina, no. 4 (45), 2014, S. 76–90. (In Russ.)

30 Sulitsa, E.I. “Zhenskie tipy ‘iskusitel'nitsy’ i ‘zloi zheny’ v russkoi povesti kontsa XVII – nachala XVIII v.” [“Female Types of ‘Temptress’ and ‘Evil Wife’ in the Russian Story of the Late 17th – Early 18th Centuries”]. Vestnik slavianskikh kul'tur, no. 4 (34), 2014, pp. 168–177. (In Russ.)

31 Titova, L.V. Beseda ottsa s synom o zhenskoi zlobe. Issledovanie i publikatsiia tekstov [Conversation Between Father and Son about Female Malice. Research and Publication of Texts]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1987. 416 p. (In Russ.)