Title of the article:



Sergei V. Kilin

Information about the author/authors

Sergey V. Kilin — Post-graduate Student, Adviser to the Director, All-Russian Children's Center “Smena”, Primorskaya St., 7, 353407 Sukko village, Anapa district, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5397-2108. E-mail: molpobeda@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 58


pp. 122-137


September 08, 2020

Date of publication

December 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



The purpose of this paper is to consider theoretical, value and organizational and legal foundations for building patriotism among modern Russian youth. The paper displays main research approaches in the study of patriotism, substantiates the relevance of improving conceptual foundations and practice of forming patriotic convictions, taking into account the capacities of politics in the field of culture. It also identifies true and inauthentic forms of patriotism, as well as the reasons for emerging false forms of patriotism, discussing relationship between historical and logical, natural and ideal, “native and universal” principles of patriotism. In view of the arbitrariness of a number of definitions of patriotism, based on its manifestations, and not on the essence, the author substantiates the philosophical concept of patriotism, integrating the diversity of its definitions, highlights main semantic moments of the philosophical concept of patriotism, and explains their diverse unity. Taking into account the domestic and world experience in the study of patriotism, the paper considers main tasks of the system of patriotic education determines the goals to which the solution of these tasks leads and articulates the principles on which this system is built and able to develop. In addition, the author examines the modern normative base of patriotic education of Russian citizens and suggests directions for its improvement. 


patriotism, education, Motherland, Fatherland, solidarity.


1 Dostoevskii F. M. Dnevnik pisatelia. 1876. Fevral'. Glava pervaia. II. O liubvi k narodu. Neobkhodimyi kontrakt s narodom [Writer's diary. 1876. February. Chapter one. II. On love for the people. A necessary contract with the people]. Dostoevskii F. M. Sobranie sochinenii: v 15 t. [Collected works: in 15 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1994, vol. 13, pp. 48–51. (In Russian)

2 Losev A. F. “Zhizn'” (Povesti, rasskazy, pis'ma) [“Life” (Novels, short stories, letters) ]. St. Petersburg, Komplekt Publ., 1993. 544 p. (In Russian)

3 Lutovinov V. I. Patrioticheskoe i voenno-patrioticheskoe vospitanie kak faktor obespecheniia natsional'noi bezopasnosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Patriotic and military-patriotic education as a factor of ensuring national security of the Russian Federation]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/12/24/patrioticheskoe-i-voenno-patrioticheskoe-vospitanie-kak-faktor-obespecheniya-natsionalnoy-bezopasnosti-rossiyskoy-federatsii/ (accessed 15 December 2019). (In Russian)

4 Lutovinov V. I. Sovremennyi rossiiskii patriotizm: sushchnost', osobennosti, osnovnye napravleniia [Modern Russian patriotism: essence, features, main directions]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/03/18/sovryemyennyy-rossiyskiy-patriotizm-sushchnost-osobyennosti-osnovnyye-napravlyeniya-lutovinov-vi/ (accessed 15 February 2020). (In Russian)

5 Malinkin A. N. Poniatie patriotizma: esse po sotsiologii znaniia [The concept of patriotism: essays on the sociology of knowledge]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2018/10/25/ponyatiye-patriotizma-essye-po-sotsiologii-znaniya-an-malinkin/ (accessed 15 October 2019). (In Russian)

6 Malinkin A. N. Sotsial'nye obshchnosti i ideia patriotizma [Social communities and the idea of patriotism]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2018/10/27/sotsialnyye-obshchnosti-i-idyeya-patriotizma-amalinkin/ (accessed 17 January 2020). (In Russian)

7 Malinkin A. N. “Novaia rossiiskaia identichnost'”: issledovanie po sotsiologii znaniia [“New Russian identity”: research on the sociology of knowledge]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2018/12/26/novaya-rossiyskaya-idyentichnost-isslyedovaniye-po-sotsiologii-znaniya-an-malinkin/ (accessed 07 February 2020). (In Russian)

8 Malinkin A. N. Formirovanie grazhdanskogo patriotizma: tri osnovnye problemy [The formation of civic patriotism: three main problems]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/04/21/formirovaniye-grazhdanskogo-patriotizma-tri-osnovnyye-problyemy/ (accessed 09 May 2020). (In Russian)

9 Murav'ev A. N. Filosofiia i opyt [Philosophy and experience]. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2015, pp. 157–187. (In Russian)

10 Murav'ev A. N. Filosofskie opredeleniia idei patriotizma i osnovnye trudnosti patrioticheskogo vospitaniia podrastaiushchego pokoleniia [Philosophical definitions of the idea of patriotism and the main difficulties of Patriotic education of the younger generation]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/04/19/filosofskiye-opryedyelyeniya-idyei-patriotizma-i-osnovnyye-trudnosti-patriotichyeskogo-vospitaniya-podrastayushchyego-pokolyeniya-an-muravyov/ (accessed 10 February 2020). (In Russian)

11 Murav'ev A. N. Kratkoe slovo o patriotizme [A brief word about patriotism]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2018/02/15/kratkoe-slovo-o-patriotizme/ (accessed 07 May 2020). (In Russian)

12 Murav'ev A. N. Poniatie natsii i problema natsional'nogo samoopredleniia naroda v “Rechakh k nemetskoi natsii” [The concept of the nation and the problem of national self-determination of the people in “Speeches to the German nation”]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/03/06/ponyatiye-natsii-i-problyema-natsionalnogo-samoopryedyelyeniya-naroda-v-ryechakh-k-nyemyetskoy-natsii-i-g-fikhtye/ (accessed 07 May 2020). (In Russian)

13 Murav'ev A. N. Revoliutsionno-konservativnyi kharakter i ideino patrioticheskaia priroda otechestvennoi kul'tury v lektsiiakh M. A. Lifshitsa «O russkoi kul'ture i ee mirovom znachenii [Revolutionary-conservative character and ideologically patriotic nature of Russian culture in M. A. Lifshits 'lectures “On Russian culture and its global significance”]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2020/05/08/ryevolyutsionno-konsyervativnyy-kharaktyer-i-idyeyno-patriotichyeskaya-priroda-otyechyestvyennoy-kultury-v-lyektsiyakh-m-a-lifshitsa-o-russkoy-kulturye-i-yeye-mirovom-znachyenii-an-muravyov/ (accessed 07 May 2020). (In Russian)

14 Mukhina Z. Z. Patriotizm kak nravstvennyi printsip v filosofii istorii N. N. Strakhova (1828–1896) [Patriotism as a moral principle in the philosophy of history by N. N. Strakhov (1828–1896) ]. Nauchnye vedomosti BelGU, Series: Filosofiia. Sotsiologiia. Pravo [Philosophy. Sociology. Law], 2019, vol. 44, no 2, pp. 222–229. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/patriotizm-kak-nravstvennyy-printsip-v-filosofii-istorii-n-n-strahova-1828-1896 (accessed 11 May 2020). (In Russian)

15 Orlov I. B. Patrioticheskoe vospitanie v sisteme vysshego obrazovaniia Rossiiskoi Federatsii: dostizheniia i perspektivy razvitiia [Patriotic education in the higher education system of the Russian Federation: achievements and development prospects]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/12/17/patriotichyeskoye-vospitaniye-v-sistyemye-vysshyego-obrazovaniya-rossiyskoy-fyedyeratsii-dostizhyeniya-i-pyerspyektivy-razvitiya/ (accessed 11 December 2019). (In Russian)

16 Orlov I. B. Patriotizm v istorii Rossii: gosudarstvennaia ideologiia i tsennostnyi potentsial [Patriotism in the history of Russia: state ideology and value potential]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/03/31/patriotizm-v-istorii-rossii-gosudarstvennaya-ideologiya-i-tsennostnyy-potentsial/ (accessed 11 November 2019). (In Russian)

17 Pavlov A. V. Patriotizm: sotsial'no-filosofskii podkhod [Patriotism: a socio-philosophical approach]. Filosofiia i sovremennost' [Philosophy and modernity]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/wa-data/public/site/Patriotizm:%20sotsial'no-filosofskii%20podkhod%20A.%20V.%20PAVLOV.pdf (accessed 07 December 2019). (In Russian)

18 Pavlov A. V. Patriotizm. Ochen' kratkaia istoriia idei [Patriotism. Very brief history of the idea]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/02/18/patriotizm-ochyen-kratkaya-istoriya-idyei/ (accessed 07 December 2019). (In Russian)

19 Putin predostereg ot “kvasnogo” i “zatkhlogo” patriotizma [Putin warned against “flag-waving” and “musty” patriotism]. In: RBK. Available at: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/10/05/2020/5eb7ac579a7947e750a4bc6f (accessed 01 June 2020). (In Russian)

20 Solov'ev V. S. Natsional'nyi vopros v Rossii [National issue in Russia]. In: Solov'ev V. S. Sochineniia: v 2 t. [Works: in 2 vols.]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1989. Vol. 1: Filosofskaia publitsistika [Philosophical journalism], pp. 60–167. (In Russian)

21 Tolstoi L. N. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: v 90 t. [Complete works: in 90 vols.]. Moscow, GIKhL Publ., 1956. Vol. 39. 256 p. (In Russian)

22 Frank S. L. Dukhovnye osnovy obshchestva [Spiritual foundations of society]. Moscow, Direkt-Media Publ., 2014. 270 p. (In Russian)

23 Cherniaev A. V. U vodorazdela russkoi politicheskoi mysli. Perepiska Andreia Kurbskogo s Ivanom Groznym [At the watershed of Russian political thought. Correspondence between Andrey Kurbsky and Ivan the Terrible]. In: Kilinson.com. Available at: https://kilinson.com/story/2019/07/17/u-vodorazdyela-russkoy-politichyeskoy-mysli-perepiska-andreya-kurbskogo-s-ivanom-groznym-av-chyernyayev/ (accessed 11 May 2019). (In Russian)

24 Sheler M. Mysli o politike i morali [Thoughts on politics and morals], translated by A. N. Malinkin. Moscow, MSL Publ., 2020. 134 p. (In Russian)