Title of the article:



Natalya S. Murashova

Information about the author/authors

Natalya S. Murashova — PhD in History of Arts, Assistant Professor, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Viluiskaya St., 28, 630079 Novosibirsk, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2373-7622
E-mail: 2107542@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 64


pp. 21–35


December 22, 2020

Approved after reviewing

January 17, 2021

Date of publication

June 28, 2022



Index UDK


Index BBK



Soteriological ideas of soul salvation dominate in the Old Believers’ worldview and spread through spiritual verses. The are several motifs with soteriological meaning depending on initial goals of salvation search: staying in a true (pre-schism) orthodoxy, manifestation of spiritual resilience as well as resistance to the “servants of Antichrist” and personalized government and church representatives, and desire to keep the soul in purity escaping human sins. To reach the goal they should live a righteous life in keeping with ethical values represented in spiritual verses (love, good, humility, meekness, patience, obedience, mercy, honor, honesty, diligence etc.) and follow the rules of the living by faith (attend a church, pray, fast, honor the Christian holidays). Among the main salvation`s conditions the Old Believers` texts cite maintaining the purity of the Old Belief and unity as a method to save oneself as well as the faith in the latter times, observance, and flight from the sinful world into the place of retreat. Thus, the salvation can be achieved by the way of life (how a person acts) as well as the way of thinking. The main didactic purpose of spiritual verses developing the theme of salvation is to remind of these verities.


soteriology, salvation of the soul, repentance, eschatology, Old Believers, spiritual verses.


1 Virshevaia poeziia (pervaia polovina XVII veka) [Verse poetry (the first half of the 17th century) ], coll. by V. K. Bylinina, A. A. Iliushina. Moscow, Sovetskaia Rossiia Publ., 1989. 479 p. (In Russian)

2 Voznesenskii A. V. Staroobriadcheskie izdaniia XVIII – nachala XIX veka: Vvedenie v izuchenie [Old believers publications of the 18th – early 19th century: an Introduction to the study]. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'stvo SPbGU Publ., 1996. 160 p. (In Russian)

3 Gorodskie pesni, ballady, romansy [Urban songs, ballads, romances], coll. by A. V. Kulagina, F. M. Selivanov. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo MGU im. Lomonosova Publ., 1997. 578 p. (In Russian)

4 Zen'kovskii V. V. Istoriia russkoi filosofii [History of Russian philosophy]. Moscow, Akademicheskii Proekt, Raritet, 2001. 880 p. (In Russian)

5 Kazantseva M. G., Filosofova T. V. Muzykal'no-poeticheskoe nasledie pomorskogo Severa v Viatskoi staroobriadcheskoi traditsii [The musical and poetic heritage of the Pomor North in the Vyatka Old Believers tradition]. In: Ural'skii sbornik: Istoriia. Kul'tura. Religiia [Uralic collection: Istria, Culture. Religion]. Ekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo UrFU Publ., 1998, vol. 2, pp. 81–111. (In Russian)

6 Kazantseva T. G. Dukhovnye stikh v rukopisnykh sbornikakh staroobriadtsev filippovskogo soglasiia (po materialam Kemerovskogo territorial'nogo sobraniia GPNTB SO RAN) [Spiritual verses in the manuscript collection of the Old believers of Filippovsky consent (on the proceedings of the Kemerovo territorial Assembly of SPSTL SB RAS) ]. Novosibirsk, Izdatel'stvo GPNTB SO RAN GPNTB SO RAN Publ., 2014. 363 p. (In Russian)

7 Makarov D. V., Akimova A. I. Soteriologiia v khristianskom bogoslovii [Soteriology in Christian theology]. Povolzhskii pedagogicheskii poisk, 2015, no 1, pp. 78‒81. (In Russian)

8 Malyshev V. I. Stikhotvornaia parallel' k “Povesti o Gore i Zloschastii” (Stikh “pokaianny” o p'ianstve) [Verse parallel to the “Tale of Grief and Misfortune” (Verse “repentance” about drunkenness) ]. In: Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian literature]. Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo AN SSSR Publ., 1947, vol. V, pp. 142–149. (In Russian)

9 Murashova N. S. Staroobriadcheskii dukhovnyi stikh v kontekste istoricheskoi evoliutsii vnebogosluzhebnogo dukhovnogo peniia [Old Believers spiritual verse in the context of the historical evolution of extra-liturgical spiritual singing]. Novosibirsk, Izdatel'stvo NGPU, 2019. 371 p. (In Russian)

10 Narodnye dukhovnye stikhi [Folk spiritual verses], coll. by F. M. Selivanov. Moscow, Russkaia kniga, 2004. 552 p. (In Russian)

11 Nikitina S. E. Zametki ob ustno-pis'mennoi zhizni dukhovnykh stikhov v staroobriadcheskoi kul'ture [Notes on the oral-written life of spiritual poems in the Old Believers culture]. Traditsionnaia kul'tura, 2018, no 3, pp. 180–191. (In Russian)

12 Nikitina S. E. Soteriologiia konfessional'nykh grupp v prizme etnokonfessional'noi lingvistiki [Soteriology of confessional groups in the prism of ethno-confessional linguistics]. In: Iazyk, soznanie, kommunikatsiia [Language, consciousness, communication]. Moscow, MAKS Press Publ., 2016, pp. 266‒284. (In Russian)

13 Nikitina S. E. Staroobriadchestvo v prostranstve konfessional'nykh kul'tur: edinitsy opisaniia [Russian Old Belief in the space of confessional cultures: units of description]. In: Lipovane: istoriia i kul'tura russkikh staroobriadtsev, 2011, vol. 8, pp. 93–99. (In Russian)

14 Oi vy, brat'ia moi, sestry: Dukhovnye stikhi staroverov Novgorodskoi oblasti [Oh you, my brethren, sisters: Spiritual verses of the old believers of the Novgorod region], coll. by I. A. Mel'nikov. Moscow, Novgorod, Arkheodoksiia Publ., 2011. 178 p. (In Russian)

15 Ponyrko N. V. Vygovskoe sillabicheskoe stikhotvorstvo [Syllabic prosody of Vyg]. In: Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [The works of the Department of Old Russian literature]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1974, vol. XXVIII, pp. 274–290. (In Russian)

16 Ranniaia russkaia lirika: repertuarnyi spravochnik muzykal'no-poeticheskikh tekstov XV‒XVII vekov [Early Russian lyrics: a repertory guide to musical and poetic texts of the 15th–17th centuries], coll. by L. A. Petrova, N. S. Seregina. Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo BAN Publ., 1988. 409 p. (In Russian)

17 Raskov D. E. Staroobriadchestvo: kartina mira i khoziaistvennyi stil' [The old believers: picture of the world and business style]. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki, 2002, no 3–4, pp. 134–137. (In Russian)

18 Rozhkova T. I. “Dusha s telom rasstavalasia…”: Dukhovnye stikhi v traditsii gornozavodskikh sel Iuzhnogo Urala [“Soul and body parted...”: Spiritual verses in the tradition of mining villages of the southern Urals]. Russkii mir", 2012, no 7, pp. 379‒409.

19 Rozanov V. V. Psikhologiia russkogo raskola [Psychology of the Russian schism]. In: Religiia i kul'tura [Religion and culture]. Moscow, St. Petersburg, Respublika Publ., Rostok Publ., 2008, pp. 27‒55. (In Russian)

20 Rychkova E. V. Istoricheskie stikhi zaural'skogo staroobriadtsa-pomortsa [Historical poems of the Trans-Ural Old Believer-pomorets]. Vestnik ChelGU, 2013, no 16, pp. 105‒109. (In Russian)

21 Selishchev A. M. Zabaikal'skie staroobriadtsy. Semeiskie [TRANS-Baikal old believers. Semeyskie]. Irkutsk, Sibirskoe Knizhnoe Delo, 1920. 81 p. (In Russian)

22 Sergii (Stragorodskii), arkhimandrit. Pravoslavnoe uchenie o spasenii [The Orthodox doctrine of salvation]. Azbyka.ru. Available at: http://azbyka.ru/dictionary/17/sergiy_uchenie_o_spasenii_01-all.shtml (accessed 12 December 2020). (In Russian)

23 Florovskii G. Puti russkogo bogosloviia [Paths of Russian theology]. Moscow, Institut russkoi tsivilizatsii, 2009. 848 p. (In Russian)

24 Filosofova T. Geistliche Lieder der Altgläubigen in Russland. Bestandaufnahme. Edition. Kommentar [Spiritual songs of the Old Believers in Russia. Inventory. Edition. Comment]. Köln, Weimar, Wien, Böhlau Verlag Publ., 2010. 544 p. (In German, In Russian)