Title of the article:



Yuliana G. Pykhtina

Margarita А. Konova

Information about the author/authors

Yuliana G. Pykhtina — DSc in Philology, Assistant Professor, Orenburg State University, Pobedy Ave., 13, 460018 Orenburg, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2492-9039. E-mail: yuliana.pykhtina@gmail.com

Margarita A. Konova — PhD in Philology, assistant professor, National University of Science and Technology MISIS, 4, Leninsky Ave., 119049 Moscow, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-7094. E-mail: akulova.margarita2018@gmail.com


Philological sciences




Vol. 57


pp. 139-159


April 10, 2019

Date of publication

September 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper examines certain features of the Russian national character shaped under the influence of the geographical factor. In their study the authors draw upon the materials of Russian literature of the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as the regional literature (Orenburg text) using the structural-semantic approach to chronotope. The introduction presents an overview of the historical, philosophical and literary works, which substantiates a close correlation of “the landscape of the Russian soul” and “the landscape of the Russian land” (N. Berdyaev). The main part of the paper provides comparative study of a substantial body of texts, which have revealed the external and internal appearance of a provincial town (one of the key spatial images in the Russian literature), reflecting the whimsical “geography of the Russian soul”, that is, not only individual consciousness, spiritual and moral attitudes, the lifestyle of provincials, but also an irrational combination of the uncombinable in the Russian mentality as a whole.The analysis allowed to conclude that the axiological aspect of geographical images in the Russian literature correlates with the national and ideological component, thus philosophic and historical correlations given as examples are quite natural. The paper includes an actual attempt of reconstructing a unified national picture of space, which is being simultaneously realized in artistic, historical and philosophical paradigms. The authors believe that the study of the external geographical factor in a literary text, which at the same time has become an internal spiritual factor of the Russian person, is promising since the proposed model of comparative analysis can serve as a basis for studying the mentality reflected in any national and/or regional texts, regardless of their gender, genre and style-forming features.


chronotope, geographical images, national space, regional space, national character, mentality.


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