Title of the article:



Galina V. Varakina

Information about the author/authors

Galina V. Varakina — DSc in Culturology, Assistant Professor, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art), Institute of Slavic Culture, Khibinskiy pr. 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: galina_varakina@mail.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 51


pp. 243–256


March 18, 2018

Date of publication

March 28, 2019

Index UDK


Index BBK



The article raises one of the key issues of art culture of the Silver age — the problem of synthesis. The problem is examined from different points of view: historical, aesthetic, artistic and practical. Such important issues of the era as music and its total influence on art, Theurgy and General religiosity of art, mystery and the idea of a universal work of art are introduced into scientific discourse. The author refers to the scientific and theoretical heritage of R. Wagner, Russian philosophers V. Solovyov and N. Berdyaev, Symbolist poets A. Bely and Vyach. Ivanov. The study pays special attention to the reconstruction of the ancient mystery`s image, which is extremely important in understanding the phenomenon of synthesis. The author demonstrates that one should talk not only about a synthesis of arts, but also a synthetism of thinking. The paper deals with the designated range of issues on the example of S. Diaghilev's enterprise. The activities of the famous impresario contributed to the birth of a fundamentally new ballet, in which dance, music and decorative art are not only subordinated to each other, but are in close cooperation and even interdependence. Curiously it is not a dance but his musical beginning that serves as a basis for synthesis of ballet`s elements. Choreography is understood in this context as a plastic “counterpoint” (L. Myasin) to the musical basis of the performance. The works of I. Stravinsky, created for S. Diaghilev's entreprise: “Parsley”, “Sacred Spring” and others acted as the best examples of a new type of ballet. All this allowed not only to highlight one of the most significant artistic events of the era — the Russian ballet seasons — but also to reveal the nature of synthesis and the peculiarities of its manifestations.


aestheticism, synthesis of arts, religious-philosophical renaissance, mystery, theurgy, Russian ballet.


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