Title of the article:



Tatyana N. Solovyeva

Information about the author/authors

Tatyana N. Solovyeva — Senior Instructor, Maltsev Kurgan State Agricultural Academy, 641300 Lesnikovo, Ketovo region, Kurgan oblast, Russia. E-mail: solovyeva-05.04@mail.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 50


pp. 103–118


March 04, 2018

Date of publication

December 28, 2018

Index UDK


Index BBK



Basing on a comparative analysis of the genre and compositional scheme of seven translated Byzantine Hierarchs’ lives (specifically the beginning of their main parts) and the canon of Byzantine Reverend’s Life (namely the motifs reflecting “earthly basics” like parents, homeland   representing the prologue to the saint’s future ascetic life) the author detects a number of constant motifs established in hierarch`s life under the influence of the reverend`s one. The research reveals a significant role of the Reverend’s life traditions in formation of the Hierarch’s life. The paper results in identifying traditional motifs of hierarchs’ lives under study such as praising the saint’s homeland, baptism and pious childhood / adolescence / youth. Moreover, the motif of celebration of the saint’s parents proves to be more important for the hagiographers than that of his miraculous birth. In some instances the Byzantine writers displayed a certain will for creative independence, which happens to be distinctive for the medieval booklore as a whole. As for research subject the paper detected no evidence of fundamental incongruities between translated Old Russian texts, featured in Great Menaion Reader, and their Greek originals.


canon, motif, genre types, hierarch’s Life, reverend’s Life.


1 Balakhovskaia A. S. Legendy o sviatykh i formirovanie zhanra biografii (po materialam agiografii Ioanna Zlatousta) [Legends about saints and the formation of the biography genre (on materials of the hagiography of John Chrysostom) ]. Vestnik MGOU. Available at: URL: http://www.evestnik-mgou.ru/Articles/Doc/510 (Accessed 14 June 2016). (In Russian)

2 Bibliograficheskii ukazatel' k “Tvoreniiam sviatykh ottsov v russkom perevode” [1855–1865, 1871–1872 gg.] [Bibliographical index to “Works of Holy Fathers in the Russian translation” [1855–1865, 1871–1872] ]. Bogoslovskii vestnik, 2004, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 410–477. (In Russian)

3 Vizantiiskie legendy [Byzantine legends], prepared by S. V. Poliakova, ex. ed. by D. S. Likhachev. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1972. 304 p. (In Russian)

4 Vinogradov A. Iu. Grecheskaia zhitiinaia traditsiia sviatitelia Nikolaia. Problemy i perspektivy [The Greek Life tradition of Saint Nicholas. Issues and prospectives]. Dobryi kormchii. Pochitanie sviatitelia Nikolaia v khristianskom mire. Sbornik statei [The kind helmsman. The worship of Saint Nicholas in the Christian world. Collection of articles], comp. and ed. by A. V. Bugaevskii. Moscow, Skiniia Publ., 2010,
pp. 100–107. (In Russian)

5 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], December, 1–5 days. Moscow, 1901. (In Old Russian)

6 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], December, 6–17 days. Moscow, 1904. (In Old Russian)

7 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], November, 13–15 days. St. Petersburg, 1899. (In Old Russian)

8 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], November, 16–17 days. Moscow, 1911. (In Old Russian)

9 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], November, 17–22 days. Moscow, 1914. (In Old Russian)

10 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], November, 23–25 days. Moscow, 1916. (In Old Russian)

11 Velikie Minei Chetyi [Great Menology], January, 1–6 days. Moscow, 1910. (In Old Russian)

12 Drevnie zhitiia sviatitelia Ioanna Zlatousta. Teksty i kommentarii [Ancient Lives of Saint John Chrysostom. Texts and comments]. Moscow, Palomnik, Pravoslavnyi Sviato-Tikhonovskii gumanitarnyi universitet, Izdatel'stvo IMLI RAN Publ., 2007. 528 p. (In Russian)

13 Izbrannye zhitiia sviatykh III–IX vv. [Selected Lives of the Saints of the 3th–9th centuries]. Moscow, Molodaia gvardiia Publ., 1992. 416 p. (In Russian)

14 Kazachkov Iu. A. Ioann Zlatoust. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2010, vol. 24, pp. 159–179. (In Russian)

15 Kenanov D. (Veliko Tyrnovo). Simeon Metafrast i ego slavianskie posledovateli [Symeon the Metaphrast and his Slavic followers]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Works of the Department of Old Russian Literature]. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 1996, vol. 50, pp. 668–676. (In Russian)

16 Kuskov V. V. Kharakter srednevekovogo mirosozertsaniia i sistema zhanrov drevnerusskoi literatury XI – pervoi poloviny XIII v. [Character of the medieval worldview and the system of the genres of Old Russian literature of the 11th – first half of the 13th centuries]. Vestnik MGU, series 9: Philology, 1981, no 1, pp. 3–12. (In Russian)

17 Loparev Kh. M. Vizantiiskie zhitiia sviatykh VIII–IX vekov [Byzantine Lives of the saints of the 8th–9th centuries]. Vizantiyskiy, 1911, vol. 17, issue 17, pp. 1–43. (In Russian)

18 Lukhovitskii L. V., Artiukhova T. A. Grigorii [Gregory]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2006, vol. 12, pp. 474–477. (In Russian)

19 Mineeva S. V. Problemy kompleksnogo analiza drevnerusskogo agiograficheskogo teksta (na primere Zhitiia prep. Zosimy i Savvatiia Solovetskikh) [Problems of the complex analysis of an Old Russian hagiographical text (through the example of the Life of Zossima and Savvaty Solovetsky) ]. Kurgan, Izdatel'stvo KGU Publ., 1999. 198 p. (In Russian)

20 Mikhailov P. B. Vasilii Velikii [Saint Basil the Great]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2004, vol. 7, pp. 131–146. (In Russian)

21 Murav'ev A. V. Episkop protiv kesaria (Istoki odnogo vizantiiskogo ideologicheskogo motiva) [Bishop against Caesar (The sources of an ideological motive) ]. Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1994, no 4 (211), pp. 140–153. (In Russian)

22 Murav'ev A. V., E. P. A. Pochitanie. Moshchi [Veneration. Relics]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2004, vol. 7, pp. 185–188. (In Russian)

23 Nikiforov M. V. Grigorii Chudotovorets [Gregory the Miracle-Worker]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2006, vol. 13, pp. 75–79. (In Russian)

24 Popova T. V. Antichnaia biografiia i vizantiiskaia agiografiia [Antique biography and Byzantine Hagiography]. Antichnost' i Vizantiia [Antiquity and Byzantium]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1975, pp. 218–266. (In Russian)

25 Sarin E. I. Biograficheskie i avtobiograficheskie elementy v perevodnykh drevnerusskikh zhitiiakh [Biographic and autobiographic elements in translated Old Russian Lives]. Vestnik BGU, 2012, no 2: Istoriia. Literaturovedenie. Iazykoznanie [History. Literary study. Linguistics], pp. 233–241. (In Russian)

26 Svt. Spiridon Trimifuntskii, Kiprskii chudotvorets. Agiograficheskie istochniki IV–X stoletii [Saint Spyridon, Bishop of Trimythous, miracle-worker of Cyprus. Hagiographic sources of the 4th–10th centuries]. Sviataia Gora Afon, Pustyn' Novaia Fivaida Afonskogo Russkogo Panteleimonova monastyria Publ., 2008. 296 p. (In Russian)

27 Slovar' knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevnei Rusi [Vocabulary of Old Russian scribes and literary manuscripts]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1987. Issue 1: XI – perv. polov. XIV v. [11th – first half of 14th century]. 493 p. (In Russian)

28 Tvoreniia sviatogo Grigoriia Nisskogo [Works of Saint Gregory of Nyssa]. Tvoreniia sviatykh ottsov v russkom perevode, izdavaemye pri Moskovskoi dukhovnoi akademii [Works of Holy Fathers in the Russian translation published at Moscow Theological Academy]. Moscow, Tipografiia V. Got'e, 1871. Vol. 45. Part 8. 536 p. (In Russian)

29 Tvorogov O. V. Drevnerusskie chet'i sborniki XII–XIV vv. (Stat'ia vtoraia: Pamiatniki agiografii) [Old Russian Menaion collections of the 12th–14th centuries (Article two: Monuments of hagiography) ]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Works of the Department of Old Russian Literature]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1990, vol. 44, pp. 196–225. (In Russian)

30 Uspenskii sbornik XII–XIII vv. [Uspenskii collection of the 12th–13th centuries]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1971. 770 p. (In Old Russian)

31 Fokin A. R. Epifanii Kiprskii [Epiphanius of Salamis]. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia Publ., 2008, vol. 18, pp. 557–579. (In Russian)