Title of the article:



Svetlana K. Sevastyanova

Information about the author/authors

Svetlana K. Sevastyanova — DSc in Philology, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaeva St., 8, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia; chief researcher, Rubtsov Industrial Institute of the I. I. Polzunov Altai State Technical University, Traktornaia St., 2/6, 658207 Rubtsovsk, Rossiia. E-mail: sevask@mail.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 50


pp. 119–135


February 19, 2018

Date of publication

December 28, 2018

Index UDK


Index BBK



The thematic, plot and motivic component of the Western European collection “The Great Mirror”, translated from Polish into Russian at the end of the 17th century, still awaits its proper study. The theme of “man and disease” is the main or cross-cutting for the collection. As reveals analysis of its contents that personal sin according to the Christian etiology is the main cause of the disease. Hence a diseased man and his unhealthy state are perceived by others ambiguously. The former at the same time no longer belongs to the circle of healthy people and needs care and tolerance. The term “doctor” in the Russian “The Great Mirror” is collective and means a person who provides gratuitous assistance to those in need. The collection also includes stories about professional medical treatment. The topic “man and disease” appears in “The Great Mirror” as an integral part of the daily life of medieval society in social, conceptual and cultural dimensions. Therefore, at the end of the 17th century, and thus in the period of establishing of the national medical culture, the transformation, regulation and development of medical knowledge, the formation of the state system of medicine, this issue became particularly relevant. The medical topic with descriptions of the condition of a diseased man, ways of treatment, a list of diseases and traumas, the methods of treatment and diagnostics were the main attractions for the translators. The medical orientation of the Russian “Great Mirror”, “decorated” with anatomical motifs, caught the attention of readers both by its cognitive-entertaining and cultural-historical aspects, with rich manuscript tradition of the collection and a huge number of its lists providing a sound evidence of it.


collection “The Great Mirror”, the theme “man and disease”, diseased man, human physician, diseases and traumas, methods of medieval diagnosis and treatment, development of medicine.


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