Author(s): Oxana A. Zapeka
Anastasia V. Egereva
Information about the author/authors Oxana A. Zapeka — PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art), Institute of Slavic Culture, Khibinskiy pr., 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: zana5@yandex.ru

Anastasia V. Egereva — Graduate, Institute of Slavonic Culture, The State Academy of Slavic Culture, Khibinskiy pr., 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: egereva-anastasia@yandex.ru
Section Theory and history of culture
Year 2017
Volume Vol. 45
Pages Pp. 21-34
Received April 12, 2017
Date of publication September 15, 2017
Index UDK 821.112.2(436)+ 821.161.1
Index BBK 83.3(4Авс) + 83.3(2Рос=Рус)
Abstract Dostoevsky's works had a great influence on the cultural life of the West. The beginning of the “cult of Dostoevsky” emerged before the First world war, within the expressionist movement in Germany, already correlated the name of Dostoevsky with the sense of an impending crisis German and bourgeois culture. The motives of Dostoevsky found reflection in the works of the Prague writer F. Kafka, whose works received worldwide recognition after the Second World War. The hallmark of creativity Kafka is a tragic and pessimistic view of man as a victim of fate. His works are marked by a desire to express the inexpressible, to realize something impossible, to capture the elusive and to find the end of endless. Influenced by A. Camus, who drew Dostoevsky and Kafka together and tried in his “Myth of Sisyphus” to rely on their ideas to justify the existentialist “philosophy of the absurd”, a parallel between Kafka and Dostoyevsky became one of the favorite “common places” of modern idealist philosophy and literary criticism in the West. Only certain philosophical and symbolic motifs in work of Dostoyevsky were close to Kafka. The main themes of the novels and short stories by Kafka are — the theme of tragic loneliness and estrangement in the modern world, people not noticing the absurdity of their everyday existence, domination of blind and dark forces of evil and destruction lurking in the shadow of the routine; in external world surrounding man as in the depths of his soul. One of the common themes in the works of Dostoevsky and Kafka is the theme of the “underground” and “underground man” as well.
Keywords F. M. Dostoyevsky, F. Kafka, world culture, fear, suffering, loneliness, “underground man”, freedom.
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