Title of the article:



Stepan V. Fedotkin

Information about the author/authors

Stepan V. Fedotkin — Postgraduate Student, All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography, Wilhelm Pieck St., 3, 129226 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: belovavhist@mail.ru


History of Arts




Vol. 45


Pp. 232-240


April 21, 2017

Date of publication

September 15, 2017

Index UDK


Index BBK



The article is devoted to the issue of fictive viewer or narratee in cinema. This concept derives from the term “fictive reader” in literary theory, by which is meant the imaginary addressee. The figure of narratee could be implicit or explicit. A look into camera reveals the position of the imaginary addressee, making it explicit and indicates the off-screen space. This could also be a gesture, a shot, a throw or any other action directed into the camera — what we may call a form of dialog between film and spectator. In the article this term is compared with the concept of implied viewer in painting, and there are a lot of examples of the use of gazes into the camera in a variety of films of the world cinema.


narratee, look into the camera, addressee, interpellation, point of view, off-screen space.


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