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Author(s): Yureneva T. Yu.
Section: Theory and history of culture
Year: 2016
Issue: № 4 (42)
Pages: 21-33
Index UDK: УДК 008(091) + 069; 069.01
Index BBK: ББК 79.147.1+71.1
Abstract: In memory of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 the military-historical museums were set up in Bulgaria; Russia and then the Soviet Union actively participated in their creation. Comparative analysis of representations of the war in these museums is intended to answer following questions: what kind of changes has undergone the representation of the war in the course of time and how the military past was reconstructed by means of the exposition methods. The author concludes that two versions of the Russo-Turkish War based on different paradigms are consistently presented in the Bulgarian museum space. According to the first paradigm, adopted at the beginning of the XX century, personality of the Tsar Liberator Alexander II played a key role in the Russo-Turkish War; in his memory all the houses, where he had stayed in 1877, were turned into memorial museums. After World War II, when the Soviet-type political regime was set up in Bulgaria, the second paradigm was widely accepted, according to which the outcome of the war was ensured by the people as the main creator of history. In terms of this paradigm, existing house-museums were renamed and reorganized so that new museums were created, in order to represent a new version of the military past.
Keywords: Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, military-historical museums, museums in Bulgaria, memorialization, museumification, Stoyan Zaimov, Russian cultural heritage abroad, collective memory.
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