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Author(s): Plotnikova А. А.
Section: Philological sciences
Year: 2016
Issue: № 4 (42)
Pages: 99-114
Index UDK: УДК 811.16
Index BBK: ББК 82
Abstract: Thanks to the efforts of scientists of Moscow ethnolinguistic school over the last 20 years, today we can speak about a solid theoretical knowledge base in the field of study of Slavic worldview. Scientific interests of the founder of the ethnolinguistic school N. I. Tolstoy laid in the sphere of the lexical dialectal phenomena and the respective phenomena of the folk (rural) culture, therefore the creation of the ethno-linguistic geography came to the forefront, while the language of the culture was investigated by means of semiotic methods. N. I. Tolstoy had always paid great attention to the archaic Slavic areas, аnd now, when a large body of inter-slavic correspondences in vocabulary and traditional folk culture from various Slavic traditions has accumulated, it became possible to begin the study of the archaic Slavic areas in a foreign environment as far as the foreign language, ethnos and religion are concerned. Their specificity is shown in the paper by an example of the vocabulary of folk tradition of the Russian old believers in Romanian Dobrudja. The term “archaic” is considered in two aspects: first, as the preservation of the cultural and linguistic traits brought from the territory of the primary residence (that was presumably the river Don and the South-Western regions of Russia, subsequently enriched by phenomena from all over Russia, as the migration to Dobrudja was undulating) and, secondly, as a reflection of the archaic (essentially pagan) features, inherent in some Slavic areas in general. The wedding rites are taken into consideration as the examples of the first type of signs, the folk calendar — of the second one. The article is based on the author`s field studies of old believers in South-Eastern Europe. In the study of the Slavic insular areas ethnolinguistic research methods are complemented by sociolinguistic ones where needed.
Keywords: ethnolinguistics, Slavic languages, Slavic enclaves, folk tradition, folk terminological lexicon, old believers, southern Russian dialect, archaic areas, wedding rites, folk calendar.
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